Plant extract classification
Issuing time:2021-04-19 10:35
While plant extracts come in many forms, they all share one characteristic: Extracts represent naturally occurring phytochemicals (compounds produced by plants) that have been removed from the inert structures of the plants that produced them. The main advantage of using extracts rather than plants is that once extracted from the plant matrix, the phytochemicals do not need to be digested and are more easily absorbed.
Application fields of plant extracts:
Food: According to the different needs of different groups of people and different physiological conditions, as well as the principles of nutritious diet and physiological function regulation, food formulas with different nutritional and health care functions are specifically designed, and a large number of experiments have been conducted to confirm that these different formulas are made Foods do have their own required functional properties.
Feed: In November 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs responded to the proposal put forward by Lu Guoqing, a representative of the National People's Congress, on accelerating the approval of new varieties of Chinese medicinal materials and natural plant extracts as substitute antibiotics in feed. The reply pointed out: Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has clearly withdrawn from growth-promoting drug feed additive varieties except traditional Chinese medicine in 2020, it has reformed the approval system for new feed and new feed additive products, through establishing a green channel for the approval of new varieties of feed additives and exempting and exempting relevant safety evaluations. materials and other measures to speed up the approval process of new products. In the "Feed Ingredients Catalog", 117 kinds of natural plants that can be fed as medicines and foods are listed; in the "Feed Additive Catalog", 12 kinds of plant extract products such as Eucommia ulmoides leaf extract are listed. .These raw materials and additives are mostly used for animal intestinal health, immunity, etc.
Health care products: memory, fatigue; stress; regulating blood lipids; gastrointestinal function; sleep; anemia; protecting chemical liver damage; milk secretion; visual fatigue; promoting lead excretion; beauty; hair care.
API: Currently, active pharmaceutical ingredients can be obtained from plants: such as paclitaxel. Ginsenosides, etc.
Daily chemicals and cosmetics: It can be used for cosmetic moisturizing, water-oil balance, skin problems, etc.
Natural pigments: Colored organic matter prepared from the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, etc. of widely grown plants as raw materials, extracted using appropriate solvents, and processed through separation, refining, drying and other processes. This type of organic matter is known as It is called plant extract natural pigment. There are currently more than 40 major natural pigments on the market, such as capsicum red pigment, marigold extract, gardenia yellow pigment, curcumin, etc.
Natural sweeteners: Products that are extracted and processed from naturally synthesized sweetening ingredients in natural plants are usually called natural sweeteners. According to the sweetness, it can be divided into low-intensity sweeteners such as sucrose and beet sugar; and high-intensity sweeteners such as steviol glycoside, mogroside, sweet tea glycoside, licorice extract and neohesperidin dihydrochalcone. Gradually replacing sugar with natural high-intensity sweeteners is the main trend in the current food and beverage industry.
Functional plant extracts:
Immunity: Ginseng extract, Cordyceps sinensis extract
Blood lipids: Tartary buckwheat extract, dandelion extract
Blood sugar: Bitter melon extract, wolfberry extract
Antioxidant: grape seed extract
Memory: Ginkgo leaf extract, fenugreek extract
Relieve visual fatigue: bilberry extract, blueberry extract, lutein
Lead removal: Zanthoxylum bungeanum extract, sea buckthorn extract, grapefruit peel extract
Throat clearing: Honeysuckle extract, licorice extract, Luo Han Guo extract
Blood pressure: Gynostemma pentaphyllum extract, rutin extract
Sleep quality: Acanthopanax acanthopanax extract, Ziziphus jujuba kernel extract, valerian extract
Lactation: Pueraria lobata extract
Physical fatigue: Ganoderma lucidum extract
Hypoxia Tolerance: Rhodiola Rosea Extract
Auxiliary protection against radiation hazards: snow lotus extract, lycopene, spirulina extract
Weight control: Kudzu flower extract, lotus leaf extract, garcinia cambogia extract
Growth and Development: Flavonoids
Bone Density: Spinach, cabbage, kidney beans, oats...
Nutritional Anemia: Maca Extract
Supplementary protection against chemical liver damage: Milk thistle extract
Acne: Magnolia officinalis extract, strawberry seed extract
Melasma: Glycyrrhiza glabra extract
Skin moisture: Astragalus root extract, rosemary extract
Skin oils: green tea extract, lavender extract
Regulate intestinal flora: prebiotic plant extracts
Digestion: Hawthorn Extract
Laxative: Cassia seed extract, senna leaf extract
Auxiliary protection against gastric mucosal damage: sea buckthorn oil, Hericium erinaceus extract
Traditional Chinese Medicine Extracts:
Traditional Chinese medicine formula granules: made from single-flavored traditional Chinese medicine pieces that are extracted with water, concentrated, dried and granulated. After being formulated in clinical TCM formulations, they are ready for patients to drink. Traditional Chinese medicine formula granules are a supplement to traditional Chinese medicine pieces.
Traditional Chinese medicine extraction raw materials: refers specifically to a single active ingredient that is extracted and separated from traditional Chinese medicinal materials or natural plants. It has clear active pharmaceutical ingredients and a content of more than 90%. It has a drug approval number and can be used as a traditional Chinese medicine preparation. Raw materials; and those prepared from traditional Chinese medicine or natural plants after extraction and separation. The main products that can be used as raw materials for chemical pharmaceutical preparations include: penicillin, paclitaxel, and camptothecin.
Standardized Chinese medicine extracts: refer to the prescription items of the national drug standards for Chinese patent medicines, and have independent national drug standards, and are used for the production of proprietary Chinese medicines. Effective parts and other ingredients. Mainly refers to the traditional Chinese medicine extracts included in the "Plant Oils and Extracts" project of the Pharmacopoeia.
Plant essential oils:
Plant essential oil is a type of aromatic oily liquid extracted from plants. There are now more than 3,000 known plant essential oils, of which about 300 have important commercial value. In addition to being used as spices, plant essential oils are widely used in daily chemicals (perfumes, cosmetics, hand creams, soaps, air fresheners, antiseptics, etc.), medicines, food and beverages, feeds (such as oregano oil), pest control, etc. aspect.